About Salisbury

Salisbury (pronounced 'Solsbree' or 'Sauls-bree') is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England. The city itself forms the largest part of the Salisbury district. It is also sometimes called New Sarum to distinguish it from the original site of settlement at Salisbury, Old Sarum. A native of Salisbury is known as a "Sarumite". In 1990, Salisbury was twinned with Saintes in France and on the 23 April 2006, Xanten in Germany. It is because of the abundance of water that the location was originally chosen for a settlement. The city's origins go back to the Iron Age, and the Romans called it "Sorviodunum". There was a battle between the West Saxons and the Britons here, after which the place was called "Searoburh". The Normans built a castle and called it "Searesbyrig" or "Seresberi". By 1086, in the Domesday Book, it was called "Salesberie". The site of the castle is now known as Old Sarum and is uninhabited. The bury element is a form of borough, which has cognates in words and place names throughout the Germanic languages. For a fuller explanation, see under borough.